Francesco Guicciardini (March 6, 1483 – May 22, 1540) was an Italian historian and statesman. ——. His first political appointment, the important one of ambassador to Spain, came to him at the early age of 28. 115. Opere Inedite Di Francesco Guicciardini, Volumes 1-2: Amazon.es: Guicciardini, Francesco: Libros en idiomas extranjeros . Francesco Guicciardini (1483-1540) è un importante scrittore e storico italiano, considerato il fondatore della storiografia moderna. Francesco Guicciardini. Bibliography: Scrittori d'Italia (Bari 1910–). Francesco Guicciardini's Discorso di Logrogno. Translated by Mario Domandi. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. Benito Mussolini ruled as dictator of Italy from 1922 to 1943. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. bibliography (December 21, 2020). 21 Dec. 2020 . . Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates. The History of Florence. Guicciardini, Francesco. Milan, 1998. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. XXI [Guicciardini, Francesco] on Amazon.com. v. de. The Italian publishing house Casa Ricordi counts among its large catalogue works by such legendary composers as Verdi, Puccini, Rossini, Nono and Varèse. Francesco Guicciardini was the greatest historian of the Renaissance.His family rose to prominence under the Medici regime (a nascent principate operating behind a republican facade). 00:00. ii. Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/arts-construction-medicine-science-and-technology-magazines/guicciardini-francesco-1483-1540. Italian writer of Florence whose methods in research have given him the title of the “first modern historian.” He studied at the universities of Ferrara and Padua and at first sought a career in the church. . ." Edited by Alessandro Montevecchi. He fulfilled these offices conscientiously and with ability and firmness. . Many letters have since been published, as well as his Diario del viaggio in Spagna (1932), and Le cose fiorentine (1945), a eulogy of the Florentine oligarchy. Over three thousand Florentine males were permanent members of the voting assembly on which the political system was based—an extraordinarily high number in comparison to most other European states at that time, though a small fraction of the population. XXI Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Francesco Guicciardini was born in Florence into a prominent mercantile family. 1967). The surname may refer to: Francesco Guicciardini (1483–1540), Italian historian and statesman; Lodovico Guicciardini (1521–1589), his nephew, Italian historian active in Antwerp; Francesco Guicciardini (1851–1915), Italian politician; Niccolò Guicciardini (born 1957), Italian historian of mathematics Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Guicciardini became the papal governor of Reggio and Modena, towns of northern Italy then under the control of the pope. ↑ The Ricordi are in the first of the ten volumes of Opere Inedite. Non puoi secondo el vivere del mondo avere maggiore felicitá che vederti lo inimico tuo prostrato innanzi in terra, e a tua discrezione; e però per avere questo effetto non si debbe pretermettere niente. "Francesco Guicciardini His desire to save Italy was hindered by the dilatory tactics of the Duke of Urbino, commander of the League's troops. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html, Italian historian and statesman; b. Florence, 1483; d. Arcetri, May 22, 1540. ." ©2000—2021 Skuola Network s.r.l. CARDUCCI, GIOSUÈ (1835–1907), Italy's most notable poet of the post-Risorgimento era and the first Italian to win t…, The Italian author and statesman Niccolò Machiavelli (1469-1527) is best known for The Prince, in which he enunciated his political philosophy. For this the city of Florence, which had expelled the Medici, declared him an outlaw. ." Translated by Mario Domandi. Ital. ——. Translated and abridged by Sidney Alexander. Encyclopedia.com. r. ridolfi, Studi Guicciardiani (Florence 1978). Guicciardini's Ricordi Francesco Guicciardini worked on and off on the collection of prose maxims entitled Ricordi civili e politici by its nineteenth-century editor Giuseppe Canestrini over a long period of time, extending from the years 1512-13, when Guicciardini was Florentine ambassador in Spain, to 1530, 22 maja 1540 w Arcetri ob. GUICCIARDINI, FRANCESCO (1483–1540) Florentine historian and political thinker. Emphasis is therefore on political rather than social, cultural, or religious factors. Encyclopedia.com. The Renaissance is one of the most interesting and disputed periods of European history. He also set down his thoughts on politics and religion in the Ricordi Politici, a commentary on the works of Machiavelli, and essays collected under the title of Political Discourses. This work, translated into all Western European languages, is an eyewitness account of the period from Charles VIII's expedition (1494) to Clement VII's death (1534). SERIE PRIMA. Guicciardini's early Storie fiorentine (Florentine histories) deals mainly with the Florentine experiment in broadly based republican government that began in 1494 and, despite many difficulties, was still in existence at the time of writing (1508–1509). His efforts assured the independence of Florence from Charles V, but they did not prevent the assassination of Alessandro by Lorenzino in January 1537. A biography is Roberto Ridolfi, The Life of Francesco Guicciardini (1960; trans. . . ." . r. palmarocchi, Studi Guicciardiniani (Letteraria 6; Florence 1947). final years and legacy Tutti i diritti riservati. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. 18:47. Early in 1512, before reaching the statutory age of 30, he was named ambassador to the court of Ferdinand V of Castile, whose portrait he so deftly drew. In 1515, he entered the service of Leo X, the son of Lorenzo the Magnificent of Florence. Registro degli Operatori della Comunicazione. Machiavelli in the Discourses on the First Ten Books of Livy (written c. 1514–1520) used the ancient Roman republic, the most successful conquest state in European history, as a standard against which to assess the situation of the states of modern Italy; Guicciardini responded with a short set of Considerations on Machiavelli's Discourses (written c. 1530), in which he emphasized the uniqueness of every historical situation and the consequent illegitimacy of analysis and prescription based on a paradigm case. . In 1512 Guicciardini drafted his first political treatise, the Discorso di Logrogno (Discourse composed in Logrogno), a set of proposals for refining the republican government. The Renaissance. r. ridolfi, Vita di Francesco Guicciardini (Rome 1960). The Storia d' Italia was esteemed by Ronsard, Bacon, Raleigh, and others. ." 1. Francesco Guicciardini (ur. See also Dean Church's Occasional Papers, vol. Among the famous passages, sometimes anthologized for their literary verve, are his delineation of conditions in Italy upon the death of Lorenzo de' Medici in 1492 and his portrait of Clement VII. Abstract. The Renaissance. Europe, 1450 to 1789: Encyclopedia of the Early Modern World. 21 Dec. 2020 . Yet the problem of Florence never left Guicciardini's mind, and in the 1520s he returned to it yet again in his Dialogo del reggimento di Firenze (Dialogue on the government of Florence), which is set in late 1494. During the early modern period, Guicciardini was known throughout Europe for his History of Italy, and for his Ricordi (Maxims and reflections). GUICCIARDINI, FRANCESCO (1483 – 1540) Florentine historian and political thinker. He married Maria Salviati in 1508, established a lucrative law practice, and wrote the Storie fiorentine dal 1378 al 1509, showing wisdom and judgment beyond his years. Like Machiavelli, Guicciardini tried throughout his life to gain an intellectual grasp of how political and military events are determined. The Renaissance. Francesco Guicciardini . Lanham, Md., 1998. In 1516 Leo X appointed him governor of Modena and later of Reggio and Parma, which he successfully defended against the French in 1521. New Catholic Encyclopedia. GARIBALDI, GIUSEPPE u. spirito, Machiavelli e Guicciardini (2d ed. Edited by Gian Maria Anselmi and Carlo Varotti. Read "Diario di viaggio in Spagna" by Francesco Guicciardini available from Rakuten Kobo. He was a senior administrator in the northern part of the Papal States (somewhat like a Roman proconsul, or a colonial governor), and his Ricordi are largely based on that experience. 6 marca 1483 we Florencji, zm. Guicciardini is an Italian family name.. — P.I. "Guicciardini, Francesco (1483–1540) The History of Italy by Guicciardini, Francesco and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at AbeBooks.com. Guicciardini's masterpiece, the Storia d'Italia (History of Italy), was written from 1537 to 1540. In great detail, this work describes events in Italy in the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. "Guicciardini, Francesco (1483–1540) kept to his villa at Finocchieto to study and write. He studied law in Ferrara and Padua and gained his doctor's degree at Pisa. Carducci, Giosuè "In the history of Renaissance thought, Guicciardini's Ricordi occupy a place of singular importance. https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/francesco-guicciardini, "Francesco Guicciardini Many scholars see it as a unique ti…, Garibaldi, Giuseppe He played a key role in the formation of the anti-imperial League of Cognac in 1526. Nicco…, RENAISSANCE Turin, 1994. He was a friend and critic of Niccolò Machiavelli.. Two years later he was appointed governor of Modena, beginning a career of Church service that endured until the triumph of imperial forces in Italy and the occupation of Rome by troops of Charles V in 1527. ANALISI DEI RICORDI 104-134 1. Non esplicito, ma ricavabile da + passi. Few works of the sixteenth century allow us so penetrating an insight into the views and sentiments of its author as these reflections of the great Italian historian. LUCIANI, V. "Guicciardini, Francesco A wide-ranging assessment of Guicciardini from the perspective of the history of political thought, with an English translation of the Discorso. v. luciani, Francesco Guicciardini and His European Reputation (New York 1936). Encyclopedia of World Biography. His political philosophy, which he called fascism, was based on the…, In rudimentary form, the origins of republicanism can be traced to Aristotle (384-322 BCE). 1943. He retired to his villa in Arcetri, spending the leisure of his last years in the composition of the Storia d' Italia. Una compiuta edizione dei "Ricordi" C di Guicciardini . Le Considerazioni sui discorsi del Machiavelli furono scritte probabilmente nel 1528, durante il ritiro di Finocchieto. Guicciardini's skill at interrelating political movements in many states, his objectivity even in analyzing events in which he directly participated, his combination of broad perspective with shrewd psychological insights into the contemporary makers of history are truly remarkable. Published in 1561, the work met with great success, spreading throughout Europe in translation. Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/francesco-guicciardini. After graduating in civil law from the University of Pisa, he began a successful practice with clients drawn from the leading Florentine families, merchant organizations, and monastic orders. Retrieved December 21, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/guicciardini-francesco-1483-1540. Guicciardini's Selected Writings (1965) has an introduction by the editor, Cecil Grayson. Ricordi 6 La discrezione «È grande errore parlare delle cose del mondo indistintamente e assolutamente, e per dire cosí, per regola; perché quasi tutte hanno distinzione ed eccezione per la varietá delle circunstanzie, le quali non si possono fermare con una medesima New Catholic Encyclopedia. In 1508 he married Maria Salviati, who bore him seven daughters. ——. Moulakis, Athanasios. Even B 78-79, which contain two explicit invocations of the name of Tacitus, are separated in series C. We could, of course, go on, but by now Guicciardini's (December 21, 2020). Translation of Ricordi politici e civili. After Alessandro de' Medici, his patron and protector, was murdered in 1573, Guicciardini allied himself with Cosimo de' Medici, a boy whom Guicciardini believed he could manipulate and through whom he hoped to rule Florence as a regent. From 1498 to 1505 The Sweetness of Power: Machiavelli's Discourses and Guicciardini's Considerations. 10404470014, Italiano per la scuola superiore: Riassunti e Appunti, Trova il tuo insegnante su Skuola.net | Ripetizioni. Insieme ai RICORDI costituiscono l’espressione più importante delle teorie politiche di Francesco Guicciardini. The third and last Florentine Republic condemned him in absentia on trumped-up charges in 1530, shortly before it fell. but it combines shrewd personal observation with fragmentary political analysis. Guicciardini's attempt at dispassionate narration does not conceal his sorrow at Italy's fate. p. bondanella, Francesco Guicciardini (Boston 1976). Ricordi by Francesco Guicciardini ... 1994 and 2006 in 6 languages and held by 541 WorldCat member libraries worldwide This is the first translation into English of Guicciardini's Dialogue on the Government of Florence. 21 Dec. 2020 . RICORDI . Translation of the Storie fiorentine dal 1378 al 1509. They have been rendered into English by Mr. Thompson (Kegan Paul, 1890), the translator of Machiavelli's Prince and Discourses. The Storia d'Italia was a history not just of Italy but of Europe. New York, 1969; Repr., Princeton, 1984. Guicciardini is noteworthy for having broken away from the narrow concept of local municipal chronicles. After the return to power of the Medici in Florence and the elevation to the papacy of Cardinal Giovanni de' Medici as Leo X, Guicciardini insisted upon being recalled, arriving home in January 1514. Seeing through his machinations, however, Medici dismissed Guicciardini and exiled him to his country home. When Cosimo I de' Medici reached an accord with Charles V, Guicciardini, still an anti-imperialist, lost favor and retired to his villa of Santa Margherita in Montici. He is considered one of the major political writers of the Italian Renaissance and the Father of Modern History. i. for the current broadly based republican regime, and the one with the most foresight (i.e., the one whom Guicciardini endows with his own hindsight) is also the most pessimistic. Registrazione: n° 20792 del 23/12/2010 Cento Giorni alla Consulta diario e ricordi a cura di Paolo Guicciardini. Encyclopedia.com. Hence they placed great emphasis on the character of individual leaders and their advisors, and the process of deliberation. To him it was clear that the events of history were subordinated to a conflict of interests, in which la cupidità was the sole motivating force of the individual protagonists. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/guicciardini-francesco-1483-1540, MCCUAIG, WILLIAM "Guicciardini, Francesco (1483–1540) Biography By this time he was disillusioned with the ambition and greed of the popes and decided to seek his fortune by allying with the Medici clan. ↑ Benoist, p. 127. Dialogue on the Government of Florence. □. The Italian historian and statesman Francesco Guicciardini (1483-1540) is best known for his history of Italy, which covers the period from 1492 to 1532. A number of good, annotated editions of the original, Storia d'Italia, are available from Italian publishers. Encyclopedia.com. See Also: Machiavelli, Niccolo; Medici, Cosimo de'. Francesco Guicciardini was the greatest historian of the Renaissance. Guicciardini, Francesco - Ricordi (2) Appunto introduttivo di presentazione dell'opera, iniziatrice di un genere, "I Ricordi" di Guicciardini Guicciardini, Francesco - La vita Appunto introduttivo di presentazione dell'opera, iniziatrice di un genere, "I Ricordi" di Guicciardini. Machiavelli: - storia romana come modello Guicciardini obbietta - criterio dell’imitazione: invalido per la mutata situazione (moderni/antichi = asini/cavalli) - ricerca umana: ha limiti invalicabili, serve a trovare l’ingegno e non la verità ⇒ posizione non contro Mac. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Four Florentine leaders debate the good and bad aspects of Medici rule and the prospects However, the date of retrieval is often important. In 1523 he was made president of the Romagna. Leo X also named him commissioner general of the papal army, a post Clement VII confirmed. Ricordi = avvertimenti che è opportuno ricordare. ." Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). LUCIANI, V. "Guicciardini, Francesco But political participation and influence were strongly correlated to social position, so most of the leading individual actors were members of prominent families, had aristocratic views, and favored a stronger role for the executive and the creation of a permanent senate to represent their interests, while a few supported the Savonarolan movement and others collaborated secretly with the Medici. Guicciardini's Ricordi fails to make the clear distinction between public and private morality made by Machiavelli,